Quiz 1 Reproduction and Development Quiz, Feb. 25
  • 1. The ovaries of the female reproductive system produce hormones and _______________.
A) estrogens
B) eggs
C) cilia
D) sperm
  • 2. An embryo develops inside the ___________________.
A) vagina
B) cervix
C) ovary
D) uterus
  • 3. The vagina is the passageway through which a baby moves during ____________________ .
A) fertilization
B) menstruation
C) contraception
D) birth
  • 4. The ______________________ are the organs of the male reproductive system.
A) ovaries
B) epididymis
C) testes
D) steroids
  • 5. The testes produce hormones and ______________________.
A) sperm
B) estrogen
C) eggs
D) testosterone
  • 6. In males, both urine and sperm leave the body through the _____________________.
A) epididymis
B) cowper's gland
C) urethra
D) vas deferens
  • 7. The _______________________ cycle is a series of changes in the female reproductive system that occur about once a month.
A) dizygomatic
B) menstrual
C) tri-weekly
D) reproductive
  • 8. During ______________________, a mature egg leaves an ovary and travels to the oviduct.
A) menstruation
B) fertilization
C) ovulation
D) ovarization
  • 9. The process by which blood and tissue lining leave the uterus is called _______________________.
A) menstruation
B) ovarization
C) menestration
D) ovulation
  • 10. Fertilization occurs when a sperm cell and an egg cell meet and their ____________________ combine.
A) proteins
B) ribosomes
C) semen
D) nuclei
  • 11. An egg can be fertilized only after ovulation and only by _____________________.
A) one fast sperm
B) one two-tailed sperm
C) one super sperm
D) one healthy sperm
  • 12. The new cell produced by fertilization is called a ___________________.
A) zygote
B) spermatic cell
C) clone
D) ovum
  • 13. A human zygote has _______________ chromosomes in its nucleus. It goes through several cell divisions while traveling to the uterus.
A) 8
B) 46
C) 23
D) 48
  • 14. An embryo is a hollow ball of cells attached to the wall of the _______________________.
A) placenta
B) umbilical cord
C) uterus
D) vagina
  • 15. I like Science class _______________.
A) a lot
B) rarely
C) sometimes
D) a little bit
  • 16. An embryo receives nourishment and rids itself of wastes through the _______________________.
A) placenta
B) vagina
C) uterus
D) umbilical cord
  • 17. The umbilical cord connects an embryo to the __________________________.
A) oviduct
B) placenta
C) uterus
D) vagina
  • 18. The amnion (amniotic sac) cushions and protects the developing _______________________.
A) embryo
B) clone
C) ovum
D) sperm
  • 19. Birth takes place in three _______________________: labor, delivery, and afterbirth.
A) steps
B) stages
C) processes
D) sections
  • 20. Birth usually occurs after _____________________ of development.
A) 9 stages
B) 9 months
C) 9 steps
D) 9 weeks
  • 21. The stages of development in _____________________ are called the human life cycle.
A) humans
B) pregnant women
C) humanid
D) mammalian
  • 22. During _______________________, a person goes through a period of rapid physical change.
A) adulthood
B) infancy
C) adolescence
D) childhood
  • 23. _________________________ is the stage at which the physical growth of the body is complete.
A) Childhood
B) Later Years
C) Adulthood
D) Adolescence
  • 24. Sexual reproduction involves the following processes: A. Differentiation, B. Fertilization, C. Gamete production, and D. Mitosis. Which sequence represents the order in which these processes occur?
A) B → A → C → D
B) C → B → D → A
C) A → B → C → D
D) D → B → C → A
  • 25. A dogfish shark contains 24 chromosomes in each of its muscle cells. How many chromosomes are normally found in each of its gametes?
A) 26
B) 6
C) 48
D) 12
  • 26. Which structure is correctly paired with its function?
A) placenta — allows nutrients to diffuse from the mother to the embryo
B) uterus — produces testosterone used in egg production
C) testis — produces nutrients for the offspring
D) ovary — provides a place for the internal development of the embryo
  • 27. Which situation would most likely produce a gene mutation in a squirrel?
A) The squirrel stops using its claws for digging.
B) The weather becomes wetter for a short period of time.
C) The squirrel is exposed to radiation for several days.
D) Oak trees gradually become less common.
  • 28. Which statement best describes the relationship between the blood of a human fetus and the blood of the mother?
A) Their blood systems are separate and no materials are exchanged.
B) The blood flows directly from the mother into the fetus.
C) Their blood systems are separate only at certain times in development and connected at other times.
D) Their blood systems are separate, but certain materials pass from one to the other.
  • 29. Thousands of genetically identical trees have been discovered growing in a remote, undisturbed mountain area in Colorado. These trees are most likely the result of
A) asexual reproduction
B) genetic engineering
C) meiotic cell division
D) biotechnology
  • 30. The film "The Island" centers around the ethical rights of ________________________.
A) enslaved humans
B) normal humans
C) scientists
D) cloned humans
  • 31. A large number of sperm cells are produced by males every day. This large number of sperm cells increases the chance that
A) at least one sperm cell will be reached when the eggs swim toward the sperm cells in the ovary.
B) several sperm cells will unite with an egg so the fertilized egg will develop properly.
C) some of the sperm cells will survive to reach the egg.
D) enough sperm cells will be present to transport the egg from where it is produced to where it develops into a fetus.
  • 32. The rate of sperm production is human males is said to be ____________________________.
A) 1,000 per second
B) 250 per second
C) 1,250 per second
D) 2,500 per second
  • 33. Which hormone does not directly regulate human reproductive cycles?
A) progesterone
B) testosterone
C) estrogen
D) insulin
  • 34. Which sequence represents the order of some events in human development?
A) fetus → tissues → zygote → egg
B) zygote → sperm → tissues → egg
C) zygote → tissues → organs → fetus
D) sperm → zygote → organs → tissues
  • 35. Although all of the cells of a human develop from one fertilized egg, the human is born with many different types of cells. Which statement best explains this observation?
A) Mutations occur during development as a result of environmental conditions.
B) All cells have different genetic material.
C) Developing cells may express different parts of their identical genetic instructions.
D) Some cells develop before other cells.
  • 36. Which process will increase variations that could be inherited?
A) active transport
B) passive transport
C) recombination of genes in gametes
D) synthesis of proteins
  • 37. The transfer of genes from parents to their offspring is known as: _________________________.
A) heredity
B) differentiation
C) immunity
D) evolution
  • 38. Which sequence represents the correct order of processes that result in the formation and development of an embryo?
A) fertilization → meiosis → mitosis
B) mitosis → fertilization → meiosis
C) meiosis → fertilization → mitosis
D) fertilization → mitosis → meiosis
  • 39. Which hormones most directly influence the uterus during pregnancy?
A) testosterone and insulin
B) estrogen and insulin
C) progesterone and testosterone
D) progesterone and estrogen
  • 40. Which statement describes one function of the placenta in mammals?
A) It synthesizes food for the embryo.
B) It contains fluid that protects the embryo from harm.
C) It allows blood of the mother to mix with the blood of the fetus.
D) It removes waste products that are produced in the cells of the fetus.
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Answer Key

1.B   2.D   3.D   4.C   5.A   6.C   7.B   8.C   9.A   10.D   11.D   12.A   13.B   14.C   15.A   16.A   17.B   18.A   19.B   20.B   21.A   22.C   23.C   24.B   25.D   26.A   27.C   28.D   29.A   30.D   31.C   32.A   33.D   34.C   35.C   36.C   37.A   38.C   39.D   40.D  

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