• 1. Demography, also known as population studies, is the statistical study of human populations. It encompasses a wide range of factors including age, sex, race, income, education, and migration patterns. Understanding demography is vital for governments, businesses, and organizations to plan for the future in terms of resource allocation, public services, and economic development. By analyzing demographic trends and patterns, researchers can gain insights into population dynamics, social changes, and emerging challenges such as aging populations, urbanization, and inequality.

    What is the study of human populations called?
A) Psychology
B) Biology
C) Sociology
D) Demography
  • 2. What term is used to describe the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a given year?
A) Crude birth rate
B) Mortality rate
C) Net migration rate
D) Fertility rate
  • 3. What does TFR stand for in demography?
A) Total family ratio
B) Total food requirement
C) Total fertility rate
D) Trend for relocation
  • 4. Which region is currently experiencing the highest population growth rate?
A) Africa
B) Australia
C) North America
D) Europe
  • 5. What is the term for the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a population in a given year?
A) Crude death rate
B) Infant mortality rate
C) Mortality rate
D) Life expectancy
  • 6. Which country has the largest population in the world as of 2021?
A) China
B) India
C) United States
D) Brazil
  • 7. What is the term for the movement of people into a specific geographic area?
A) Refugee
B) Immigration
C) Migration
D) Emigration
  • 8. What is the term for the process of population movement from rural to urban areas?
A) Urbanization
B) Suburbanization
C) Migration
D) Ruralization
  • 9. What is the term for the number of people who leave a country to reside elsewhere?
A) Refugee
B) Migration
C) Immigration
D) Emigration
  • 10. Which country has the highest population density in the world?
A) Bangladesh
B) Monaco
C) India
D) China
  • 11. What is the term for the number of children who die before their first birthday per 1,000 live births?
A) Maternal mortality rate
B) Child mortality rate
C) Infant mortality rate
D) Life expectancy
  • 12. Which factor is a major driver of population growth in developing countries?
A) High emigration rates
B) High fertility rates
C) Low mortality rates
D) High urbanization rates
  • 13. What does the term 'population density' measure?
A) The ratio of urban to rural population
B) The average age of a population
C) The percentage of working-age individuals
D) The number of individuals per unit area
  • 14. What occurs when the number of births plus the number of immigrants exceeds the number of deaths plus the number of emigrants over a specific period in a given area?
A) Population decline
B) Population stagnation
C) Population distribution
D) Population growth
  • 15. What is the term for the movement of people from one place to another?
A) Migration
B) Immigration
C) Emigration
D) Repatriation
  • 16. What term describes the situation that occurs when the population of a country does not grow or decline?
A) Population depletion
B) Population displacement
C) Population expansion
D) Zero population growth
  • 17. What is the term for the distribution of age in a population at a specific time?
A) Age structure
B) Population pyramid
C) Life expectancy
D) Dependency ratio
  • 18. What is the term for the number of people of working age compared to the number of dependent children and elderly in a population?
A) Labor force participation rate
B) Dependency ratio
C) Life expectancy
D) Total fertility rate
  • 19. Which demographic concept refers to the process by which the proportion of older individuals in the population increases over time?
A) Urbanization
B) Globalization
C) Population aging
D) Industrialization
  • 20. What is the term for the number of people living per unit of area?
A) Dependency ratio
B) Population density
C) Fertility rate
D) Migration rate
  • 21. Which type of population pyramid has a wide base and narrow top?
A) Stationary
B) Expansive
C) Constrictive
D) Inverted
  • 22. Which country has the highest population growth rate?
A) Canada
B) Australia
C) Germany
D) Niger
  • 23. Which of the following countries has a negative population growth rate?
A) Brazil
B) India
C) Nigeria
D) Italy
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