Decline and Fall of Rome
  • 1. What was Pax Romana?
A) A 200 year period of peace and prosperity for Rome
B) A 100 year time period when Rome was conquered by barbarians
C) A 200 year period of economic hardship for Rome
  • 2. What are some influences left behind to the world by the Western Roman Empire?
A) Christianity, literature, architecture, government, language, and philosophy
B) Music, literature, paintings, and mathematics
C) Athletics, warfare, science, and economics
  • 3. What was a famous Roman work of architecture?
A) The Golden Arches
B) The Coliseum
C) The Dome of the Rock
  • 4. What were some things that caused Rome to decline in power?
A) Decreases in population growth, the Crusades, losing wars, and arrogant leadership
B) Lack of patriotism, a little ice age came, a plague of epic proportions, and weak men
C) Inflation, corrupt politicians, too much land to control, invasions, not enough crops to feed the population adequately, taxes not being paid, loss of traditional Roman values, and weak government bullied by the military
  • 5. Of what origins were the invaders who were attacking Rome?
A) Germanic
B) Russian
C) Chinese
  • 6. What were three of the main invading groups?
A) The Egyptians, the Ethiopians, and the Persians
B) The Celts, the Vikings, and the Mongols
C) The Huns, the Goths, and the Vandals
  • 7. In what year did the Germanic General Odoacer finally end the Western Roman Empire and take Romulus Augustulus out of power?
A) 500 A.D.
B) 555 A.D.
C) 476 A.D.
  • 8. What was Diocletian’s main goal as emperor?
A) To make peace with Rome’s enemies
B) To make changes and reforms to bring Rome back to where it should be
C) To conquer more and more territory for Rome
  • 9. Did Diocletian’s attempt to reform Rome work?
A) No, the Romans were so used to doing as they pleased that they ignored most of what he tried to do
B) Yes, but only to an extent
C) Yes, very much so
  • 10. When did Diocletian’s rule begin?
A) 284 A.D.
B) 312 A.D.
C) 395 A.D.
  • 11. Who came along in the year 312, and tried to reinforce all that Diocletian had tried to do?
A) Flavius
B) Theodosius
C) Constantine
  • 12. When did Constantine move the capital of Rome to what he would call Constantinople?
A) 400 A.D.
B) 312 A.D.
C) 330 A.D.
  • 13. When did the empire become officially divided into two different empires (east and west) and ruled by two different emperors?
A) In 125 A.D. by Little Caesar
B) In 455 A.D. by Nero
C) In 395 A.D. by Theodosius
  • 14. In 378 who attacked Rome as a leader of the Visigoths and conquered Adrianople and then Rome itself in 410?
A) Spartacus
B) Alaric
C) Hannibal
  • 15. What language did Rome pass on to the world that was the official language of the Catholic Church, that many other languages came from (Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, French, etc.)?
A) Italian
B) Gothic
C) Latin
  • 16. What was Constantinople’s name before it was named after Constantine?
A) Athens
B) Byzantium
C) Carthage
  • 17. What was Rome like after Pax Romana?
A) Chaos and violence for almost 100 years
B) Continued peace and prosperity
C) Wasn’t what it once was, but it wasn’t total chaos
  • 18. What did the term, Mare Nostrum, that the Romans used referring to the Mediterranean Sea mean?
A) Our ocean
B) Our sea
C) Our lake
  • 19. What was the epicenter or site of encounter in the Western Roman Empire, as well as its capital?
A) Rome
B) Venice
C) Florence
  • 20. Name me an invention created by the Romans that is still used today in architecture?
A) Bricks
B) Steel
C) Concrete
  • 21. How did the emperor Diocletian divide up the empire?
A) Into two sections, east and west
B) He didn’t separate it at all; he kept it intact
C) Into 4 different sections with each leader that was over each section, under his authority
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