Myanmar's Independence Struggle
  • 1. Myanmar's independence struggle dates back to the 19th century when the country was colonized by the British. Over the years, various movements and uprisings were held to resist colonial rule and fight for independence. Aung San, a key figure in Myanmar's struggle for independence, played a crucial role in negotiating with the British government to achieve independence. After a long and challenging journey, Myanmar finally gained independence on January 4, 1948. The road to independence was paved with sacrifices, determination, and relentless efforts of the people of Myanmar who strived for a sovereign nation free from foreign rule.

    When did Myanmar gain independence from British colonial rule?
A) 1948
B) 1975
C) 1962
D) 1950
  • 2. Who was the first Prime Minister of independent Myanmar?
A) Suu Kyi
B) Aung San
C) General Ne Win
D) U Nu
  • 3. Which iconic nationalist leader was assassinated in 1947, just months before Myanmar gained independence?
A) Aung San
B) U Nu
C) General Ne Win
D) Suu Kyi
  • 4. Which international body recognized Myanmar as an independent sovereign state in 1948?
B) World Trade Organization
C) United Nations
D) European Union
  • 5. Which Nobel laureate and political figure emerged as a prominent voice for democracy in Myanmar during the late 20th century?
A) U Nu
B) General Ne Win
C) Aung San Suu Kyi
D) Aung San
  • 6. What was the official name of Myanmar before gaining independence?
A) Myanmar
B) Burma
C) Rakhine
D) Shan
  • 7. What popular movement in Myanmar aimed to bring about political reform and was named after the vast collection of Buddhist monks involved?
A) Ruby Revolution
B) Emerald Revolution
C) Saffron Revolution
D) Tamarind Revolution
  • 8. What was the outcome of the 1990 general elections in Myanmar that brought international attention to the country's democratic aspirations?
A) Military coup d'├ętat
B) Declaration of emergency rule
C) Creation of a new constitution
D) Landslide victory for the National League for Democracy
  • 9. Which country has been a key ally of Myanmar's military regime in the face of international criticism?
A) South Korea
B) India
C) China
D) Japan
  • 10. Which organization was founded by Aung San Suu Kyi to promote democracy and human rights in Myanmar?
A) Tatmadaw
B) State Peace and Development Council
C) Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army
D) National League for Democracy
  • 11. Which neighboring country of Myanmar was also colonized by the British?
A) China
B) Bangladesh
C) India
D) Thailand
  • 12. What is the name of the minority ethnic group that has been in conflict with the central government of Myanmar for decades?
A) Bamar
B) Shan
C) Karen
D) Kachin
  • 13. Where did the student protests against the military regime in 1988 start?
A) Naypyidaw
B) Mandalay
C) Hanoi
D) Rangoon (Yangon)
  • 14. What was the name of the military regime that ruled Myanmar from 1962 to 2011?
A) Federal Republic of Burma (FRB)
B) Asian National Liberation Front (ANLF)
C) United Wa State Army (UWSA)
D) State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
  • 15. What is the capital city of Myanmar?
A) Naypyidaw
B) Bagan
C) Yangon
D) Mandalay
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