Fluid dynamics

- 1. Fluid dynamics is the study of the behavior of liquids and gases in motion. It deals with how fluids flow, how they interact with boundaries, objects, and other fluids, and how their properties like velocity, pressure, and density vary in different conditions. Fluid dynamics has applications in various fields such as engineering, meteorology, biology, and oceanography, helping us understand phenomena like ocean currents, airflow around aircraft, blood flow in the human body, and weather patterns. By predicting and analyzing fluid behavior, researchers and engineers can develop better designs, optimize processes, and solve practical problems in a wide range of industries.
What is the study of fluid dynamics concerned with?
A) The properties of solid materials B) The behavior of light waves C) The study of animal behavior D) The motion of liquids and gases - 2. Which physical property describes a fluid's resistance to flow?
A) Density B) Pressure C) Temperature D) Viscosity - 3. What does Bernoulli's Principle state?
A) As the speed of a fluid increases, its pressure decreases B) Pressure and speed of a fluid are unrelated C) The pressure of a fluid is constant at all speeds D) Fluid pressure always increases with speed - 4. Which law describes the relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas?
A) Avogadro's Law B) Charles's Law C) Boyle's Law D) Gay-Lussac's Law - 5. What is the phenomenon where fluid flows in parallel layers with no disruption between them?
A) Steady flow B) Unsteady flow C) Laminar flow D) Turbulent flow - 6. Which device is commonly used to measure fluid velocity?
A) Hydrometer B) Pitot tube C) Manometer D) Flow meter - 7. What is the dimensionless quantity that represents the ratio of inertial forces to viscous forces in a fluid?
A) Mach number B) Froude number C) Reynolds number D) Friction factor - 8. What type of flow pattern is chaotic and irregular?
A) Laminar flow B) Turbulent flow C) Steady flow D) Unsteady flow - 9. Which law states that the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature at constant pressure?
A) Gay-Lussac's Law B) Boyle's Law C) Charles's Law D) Avogadro's Law - 10. How does adding impurities affect the viscosity of a fluid?
A) Decreases viscosity B) No effect on viscosity C) Increases viscosity D) Causes fluid to solidify - 11. What is the relationship between fluid pressure and fluid depth in a stationary fluid?
A) Pressure is constant at all depths B) Pressure decreases with depth C) Pressure varies randomly with depth D) Pressure increases with depth - 12. What is the difference between dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity?
A) Dynamic viscosity multiplied by fluid density B) Dynamic viscosity divided by fluid density C) There is no difference D) Dynamic viscosity squared - 13. What is the negative effect of cavitation in fluid systems?
A) Reduced noise levels B) Increased flow efficiency C) Erosion and damage to equipment D) Improved heat transfer - 14. What is the type of flow where the fluid velocity at any point does not change with time?
A) Laminar flow B) Steady flow C) Turbulent flow D) Irregular flow - 15. What is the principle behind a siphon's ability to transfer fluid from one container to another?
A) Atmospheric pressure B) Surface tension C) Capillarity effect D) Heat conduction - 16. Bernoulli's equation relates the conservation of what quantity in fluid flow?
A) Energy B) Momentum C) Mass D) Volume - 17. Which law states that the velocity of a fluid increases as the pressure of the fluid decreases?
A) Newton's third law B) Charles' law C) Bernoulli's principle D) Pascal's principle - 18. What is the name for the point at which the velocity of a fluid becomes zero during flow around an object?
A) Vortex point B) Boundary point C) Cavitation point D) Stagnation point - 19. What phenomenon occurs when the pressure in a flowing fluid drops below the vapor pressure, causing the formation of vapor bubbles?
A) Capillarity B) Evaporation C) Turbulence D) Cavitation - 20. What is the unit of dynamic viscosity in the SI system?
A) N/m ^{2}B) Pa s C) m ^{2}/sD) Kg/m ^{3}- 21. What is the SI unit of pressure?
A) Joule B) Newton C) Pascal D) Watt - 22. What is the formula for calculating dynamic pressure in a fluid flow?
A) P = F / A B) 0.5 * ρ * V ^{2}C) P = ρ * V D) P = ρ g h - 23. What effect causes water to rise inside a thin tube inserted into a liquid?
A) Capillary action B) Evaporation C) Surface tension D) Buoyancy - 24. What is the term for the force that opposes the relative motion of solid surfaces in contact with each other, within a fluid layer?
A) Frictional drag B) Turbulence C) Buoyancy D) Lift - 25. What is the formula for calculating shear stress in a fluid?
A) τ = ρ * V B) τ = μ * du/dy C) τ = F / A D) τ = ρ * g * h - 26. What term is used to describe the force that a fluid exerts on an object moving through it?
A) Drag B) Tension C) Lift D) Buoyancy - 27. What phenomenon occurs when a fluid flows past an object and the flow is disturbed, causing swirling and eddies?
A) Laminar flow B) Stagnation C) Vortex shedding D) Turbulence - 28. What is the SI unit of viscosity?
A) Kilogram per cubic meter B) Meter squared per second C) Pascal-second D) Newton per meter - 29. What is the phenomenon where a fluid flows faster through a narrowed section of a pipe, causing a decrease in pressure?
A) Shock wave B) Diffusion C) Cavitation D) Venturi effect - 30. What is the term for the energy lost due to fluid friction and turbulence?
A) Bernoulli's loss B) Head loss C) Energy deficit D) Friction drag - 31. What is the force per unit area required to keep a fluid flowing?
A) Surface tension B) Shear stress C) Volumetric flow rate D) Pressure gradient |

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