Rocks Readiness Test
  • 1. Where do volcanoes occur?
A) At the edges of countries
B) Where the mantle pushes through to the surface
C) Where earthquakes happen
D) At weak spots on Earth's crust
  • 2. What material erupts from a volcano?
A) Scoria
B) Magma
C) Lava
D) Coral
  • 3. When lava is hot, it is __________. When it cools down, it becomes _________.
A) gas, liquid
B) solid, liquid
C) gas, solid
D) liquid, solid
  • 4. What is the substance that settles out of a suspension called?
A) Solute
B) Medium
C) Sediment
D) Emulsion
  • 5. Weathering is a process that breaks down rocks. Which of the following lists the three main types of weathering?
A) Biological, chemical and physical
B) Physical, industrial and biological
C) Chemical, industrial and physical
D) Biological, industrial and chemical
  • 6. What is a useful feature in a rock that helps classify it?
A) Weight
B) Position
C) Texture
D) Size
  • 7. If a rock is reheated, what state will it change to?
A) Liquid
B) Solid
C) Lava
D) Igneous
  • 8. Does Australia have a wide range of rock types?
A) No, because it’s an old continent and can't form new types of rocks.
B) Yes, because it’s a young continent and hasn’t lost any rock yet.
C) Yes, because it’s an old continent, it has had many geological events occur.
D) No, because it’s a young continent and hasn’t had time to form new types of rocks.
  • 9. What causes rocks to change their form?
A) Being used in building
B) Humans walking over them
C) Being exposed to hot weather
D) Getting compressed by mountains
  • 10. How are rocks identified?
A) By weighing the rock
B) By finding out what minerals the rock is composed of
C) By measuring the entire rock deposit
D) By seeing how the rock erodes
  • 11. Why don’t all minerals look alike?
A) They are formed in different places.
B) Minerals erode at different rates.
C) Some minerals are older than others.
D) They are formed from a mixture of different compounds.
  • 12. Most minerals could be classified as a _______________.
A) compound
B) mixture
C) atom
D) particle
  • 13. What is the most common metal found in the earth's crust?
A) Silicon
B) Aluminium
C) Oxygen
D) Iron
  • 14. What is a major factor when choosing a new mining site?
A) It should be near a town.
B) Its location relative to a sea port.
C) Its location relative to an airport.
D) If enough ore is found in a single location.
  • 15. Why do we have to dig underground to access some minerals?
A) So that cities do not get disrupted
B) So that ecosystems do not get destroyed
C) Because some minerals only form deep underground
D) So we can get all of the mineral deposits
  • 16. What evidence do paleontologists look for in rocks?
A) Fossils
B) Rock formations
C) Dead trees
D) Volcanoes
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