PCJSYS reviewer
  • 1. A legal judgment, based on the decision to either a jury or a judge, that an accused is
    not guilty of the crime for which he or she has been charged or tried.
A) Acquittal
B) Allegation
C) Admissible Evidence
  • 2. The evidence that a trial judge or jury may consider, because the rules of evidence
    deem it reliable.
A) Allegation
B) Admissible Evidence
C) Acquittal
  • 3. A claim or statement of what a party intends to prove; the facts as one party claims they
    are.
A) Admissible Evidence
B) Appeal
C) Allegation
  • 4. A request made by the defense or State that the case be reviewed by a court of appeal.
A) Appeal
B) Arrest
C) Allegations
  • 5. the taking of a person into custody in order that he may be bound to answer for the
    commission of an offense.
A) Appeal
B) Arrest
C) Allegation
  • 6. The appearance of the defendant in court to enter his or her plea to the charges.
A) Bail / Bond
B) Arrest
C) Arraignment
  • 7. Bail is the security given for the release of the person in the custody of the law,
    furnished by him or the bondsman, to guarantee
A) Bail / Bond
B) Best Evidence Rule
C) Arraignment
  • 8. A rule of evidence that demands that the original of any document, photograph or
    recording be used as evidence at trial, rather t
A) Best Evidence Rule
B) Change of Venue
C) Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
  • 9. The burden of proof that the prosecution must carry in a criminal trial to obtain a guilty
    verdict. The jury must be convinced that the defendant committed each element of the
    crime beyond a reasonable doubt before returning a guilty verdict.
A) Change of Venue
B) Charge
C) Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
  • 10. A change in the location of a trial, usually granted to avoid prejudice against one of the
    parties.
    Cha
A) Charge
B) Complaint
C) Change of Venue
  • 11. A formal accusation or indictment filed by the prosecutor’s office that a specific person
    has committed a specific crime. Also known as pressing charges.
A) Charge
B) Circumstantial Evidence
C) Complaint
  • 12. A complaint is a sworn written statement charging a person with an offense, subscribed
    by the offended party, any peace officer, or other public officer charged with the
    enforcement of the law violated
A) Circumstantial Evidence
B) Complaint
C) Corroborating Evidence
  • 13. All evidence except eyewitness testimony. One example is physical evidence, such as
    fingerprints, from which an inference can be drawn.
A) Circumstantial Evidence
B) Corroborating Evidence
C) Criminal Summons
  • 14. Supplementary evidence that tends to strengthen or confirm the initial evidence.
A) Corroborating Evidence
B) Criminal Summons
C) Cross-Examination
  • 15. An order commanding an accused to appear in court.
A) Dismissal
B) Cross-Examination
C) Criminal Summons
  • 16. The questioning of a witness produced by the other side.
A) Due Process of Law
B) Cross-Examination
C) Dismissal
  • 17. The termination of formal charges.
A) Exhibit
B) Dismissal
C) Due Process of Law
  • 18. Procedures followed by law enforcement and courts to ensure the protection of an
    individual’s rights as assigned by the Constitution.
A) Due Process of Law
B) Exhibit
C) Hearing
  • 19. A document or other item introduced as evidence during a trial or hearing.
A) Exhibit
B) Inadmissible
C) Hearing
  • 20. This is a legal proceeding (not a trial) held before a judge or administrative body.
    Evidence and arguments are presented in an effort to resolve a disputed factual or legal
    issue.
A) Hearing
B) Information
C) Inadmissible
  • 21. That which, under the rules of evidence, cannot be admitted or received as evidence
A) Inadmissible
B) Judgment / Sentence
C) Information
  • 22. An information is an accusation in writing charging a person with an offense, subscribed
    by the prosecutor and filed with the court.
A) Judgment / Sentence
B) Information
C) Motion
  • 23. The official document of a judge’s disposition (decision) of a case and sentence of a
    defendant.
A) Motion
B) No Probable Cause
C) Judgment / Sentence
  • 24. An application made to a court or judge which requests a ruling or order in favor of the
    applicant.
A) Objection
B) No Probable Cause
C) Motion
  • 25. Insufficient grounds to hold the person who was arrested.
A) Plea
B) Objection
C) No Probable Cause
  • 26. The process by which one party takes exception to some statement or procedure. An
    objection is either sustained (allowed) or overruled by the judge.
A) Objection
B) Plea
C) Search warrant
  • 27. The first pleading by a criminal defendant, the defendant’s declaration in open court that
    he or she is guilty or not guilty. The defendant’s answer to the charges made in the
    indictment or information.
A) Search warrant
B) Plea
C) Subpoena
  • 28. Search warrant is an order in writing issued in the name of the people of the Philippines
    signed by the judge and directed to the peace officer, commanding him to search for
    personal property and bring it to the court.
A) Subpoena
B) Testimony
C) Search warrant
  • 29. A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
A) Subpoena
B) Plea
C) Testimony
  • 30. The evidence given by a witness under oath. It does not include evidence from
    documents and other physical evidence.
A) Information
B) Testimony
C) Search warrant
  • 31. At the police stage, during investigation, he is referred to as the
A) RESPONDENT
B) SUSPECT
C) ACCUSED.
  • 32. At the Prosecutors office, during the determination of probable cause or during
    the Preliminary Investigation, he is referred to as the
A) RESPONDENT
B) ACCUSED
C) CRIMINAL
  • 33. At the trial of the case, when a case has been filed in Court, he is referred to as
    the
A) CRIMINAL
B) ACCUSED
C) CONVICT
  • 34. Once the Court has determined that the accused is guilty beyond reasonable
    doubt as charged and the judgment has been rendered, he is referred to as the
A) CONVICT
B) CRIME
C) CRIMINAL
  • 35. It is only upon undergoing all the process when the person has served the
    sentence when he can really be considered as a
A) VICTIM
B) CRIME
C) CRIMINAL
  • 36. WHAT IS MEANING OF PCJSYS?
A) Philippine Introduction to Criminal Justice System
B) Introduction to Criminal Justice
C) Introduction to Philippine Criminal Justice System
  • 37. What is full name
  • 38. PRACTICE USE TO DETERMINE GUILT OR INNOCENCE OF THE ACCUSED
A) ORDEAL
B) CESARE BECCARIA
C) LAW
  • 39. *“ESSAY ON CRIME AND PUNISHMENT ”(1764)
    IIDENTIFIED A PRESSING NEED TO REFORM THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
    EMPHASIZED THE NEED FOR ADEGUETE BUT JUST PUNISHMENT EXPLAIN
    HOW THE SYSTEM SHOULD DEFINE THE APPROPRIATE PUNISHMENT FOR
    EACH TYPE OF CRIME.
A) LAW
B) ACQUITTAL
C) CESARE BECCARIA
  • 40. WHAT COMES FIRST LAW OR CRIME?
A) “NUL UM CRIMEN NUL A POENA SINE LEGE”
B) “NULUM CRIME NULO AT POENAS SINE LEDGE”
C) “NULA UMS CRIMENA NUL A POENA SINEGOGE LEGE”
  • 41. *ANY SYSTEM OF REGULATIONS TO GOVERN AND CONTROL THE CONDUCT OF
    THE PEOPLE OF A COMMUNITY, SOCIETY OF NATION.
A) CRIME
B) *SOCIAL CONTROL
C) LAW
  • 42. MEANS USED IN THE SOCIETY TO MAINTAIN ITSELF AS A COHERENT AND
    FUNCTIONING UNIT.
A) ACT
B) LAW
C) SOCIAL CONTROL
  • 43. *IS AN ACT OR OMISSION THAT IS PUNISHABLE BY LAW.
A) ACT
B) CRIME
C) OMISSION
  • 44. ANY BODILY MOVEMENT TENDING TO PRODUCE SOME EF ECT IN EXTERNAL
    WORLD
A) OFFENSE
B) ACT
C) OMISSION
  • 45. FAILURE TO DO A POSITIVE DUTY WHICH ONE IS BOUND TO DO
A) FELONY
B) OFFENSE
C) OMISSION
  • 46. PUNISHABLE BY SPECIAL PENAL LAW
A) FELONY
B) °MISDEMEANOR OR INFRACTION OF LAWS
C) OFFENSE
  • 47. PUNISHABLE BY RPC
A) FELONY
B) CRIME
C) °MISDEMEANOR OR INFRACTION OF LAWS
  • 48. IN VIOLATION OF CITY, MUNICIPAL,OR BARANGAY ORDINANCE *IN ETHICAL ASPECT,CRIMES ARE CONSIDERED IMMORAL.HOWEVER,NOT ALL
    ACTS OR COMMISSIONS IN VIOLATION OF LAW ARE AGAINST MORALITY.
A) MALA INSE
B) °MISDEMEANOR OR INFRACTION OF LAWS
C) MALA PROHIBITA
  • 49. “WRONG OR EVIL”(CONSIDERED WRONG EVEN THERE IS NO LAW
    PROHIBITING IT)
A) MALA INSE
B) MALA PROHIBITA
C) CRIME
  • 50. “NOT WRONG IN ITSELF”(BECOMES WRONG BECAUSE OF THE STATUTE THAT
    PROSCRIBES IT)
A) MALA PROHIBITA
B) MALA KINSE
C) MALA INSE
  • 51. Felonies are committed not only be means of deceit
A) Fault
B) Dolo
C) Culpa
  • 52. Felonies are committed not only be means of fault
A) Culpa
B) Deceit
C) Dolo
  • 53. *ACCORDING TO ABSENCE/PRESENCE OF ATTEMPTED AND FRUSTRATED
    STAGE:
A) MALA
B) CRIME
C) CRIMINAL
  • 54. *IS A PERSON CONVICTED OF A CRIME BY A FINAL JUDGEMENT
    °AS COMPARED TO:
    •SUSPECT;
    •RESPONDENT;
    •DEPENDANT;
    •ACCUSED
    •CONVICT
    •INMATE/PRISONER/PERSON DEPRIVED OF LIBERTY
A) CRIME DETERRENCE
B) CRIMINALJUSTICE SYSTEM
C) CRIME PREVENTION
  • 55. "THE MACHINERY OF THE STATE OR GOVERNMENT WHICH ENFORCEMENT
    THE RULES OF CONDUCT NECESSARYTOPROTECT LIFE AND PROPERTY, AND
    MAINTAIN PEACE AND ORDER.
A) Criminal Justice System
B) Crime Prevention
C) Offender
  • 56. IT IS THE PRINCIPAL CHARACTER IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
    VICTIM/OFFENDED PARTY THEY ARE THE NEGLECTED OR FORGOTTEN MAN IN
    THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
A) Mala Inse
B) Offender
C) Mala Prohibita
  • 57. INVOLVES ALL MEASURE DESIGNED TO AVERT OR AVOID THE COMMISSION
    OF CRIME. IT IS EFFECTIVELYATTAINED BY THE DENIAL OF OP ORTUNITY FOR
    ANY CRIME TO HAPPEN.
A) CRIME PREVENTION
B) CRIME DETERRENCE
C) CRIME CONTROL
  • 58. PERTAINS TO THE MEASURE IMPOSED UPON BY THE STATE THROUGH CJS SO
    THAT CRIMINALS WILL PUNISHEDINACCORDANCE WITH THE LAW TO SERVE A LESSON FOR OTHERS NOT COMMIT THE CRIME AND FOR
    CRIMINALSTOREFRAIN FROM FURTHER COMMITING THE SAME.
A) CRIME DETERRENCE
B) CRIME PREVENTION
C) CRIME CONTROL
  • 59. ACHIEVE BY ISOLATING THE CRIMINALS FOR INCARCERATION THEREBY
    EFFECTIVELY CONTROLLING THEMFROMFURTHER ENDANGERING THE
    SOCIETY THUS PROTECTING THE FROM HARM AND DAMAGE.
A) CRIME CONTROL
B) CRIME DETERRENCE
C) CRIME PREVENTION
  • 60. Doest not belong first pillar
A) INITIATOR
B) LIFE AND PROPERTY
C) PRIME MOVER OF THE SYSTEM
  • 61. PUNISHMENT, AR EST) 2.MODERN CONCEPT ( POLICE,
    ABSENCE OF CRIME) THEORIES OF POLICE SERVICE 1.HOME RULE THEORY (
    SERVANTS OF THE COM UNITY)
A) OLD CONCEPT
B) CONTINENTAL THEORY
C) FUNCTION IN GENERAL
  • 62. (SERVANTS OF THE HIGHER AUTHORITIES)
A) OLD CONCEPT
B) CONTINENTAL THEORY
C) CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
  • 63. ART XVI. SEC 6 OF THE 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION * "THE STATE SHALL
    ESTABLISHED AND MAINTAIN ONE POLICE FORCE WHICH SHALL BE NATIONAL
    IN SCOPE ANDCIVILIAN CHARACTER , TO BE ADMINISTERED AND CONTROLLED
    BY A NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION "
A) FUNCTION IN GENERAL
B) PHILLIPINES NATIONAL POLICE
C) CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
  • 64. Does not Under the power of function
A) AN ACT OR OMISSION THAT IS PUNISHABLE BY LAW.
B) TO PROTECT LIFE AND PROPERTY
C) TO PREVENT CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
D) TO REDUCE CRIME
E) TO APPREHEND AND ARREST OFFENDERS
  • 65. •RESPONSIBLE FOR HANDLING & SOLVING SYNDICATED CASES THAT ARE IN
    THE INTEREST OF THE NATION.
A) NBI- National Bureau of Investigation
B) PDEA-Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency
C) BIR-Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • 66. •ENFORCES TAX LAWS AND REGULATIONS.
    •INVESTIGATES TAX EVASION CASES AND ARREST SIMILAR VIOLATORS.
    •UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE.
A) PDEA-Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency
B) BIR-Bureau of Internal Revenue
C) BOC-Bureau of Customs
  • 67. •BACKBONE OF THE PHILIPPINE DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM.
A) PDEA-Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency
B) BSP-Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
C) BOC-Bureau of Customs
  • 68. •TASKED TO ENFORCE CUSTOM AND TARIFF DUTIES IN ALL THE PHILIPPINE
    AIRPORTS AND SEAPORT NATIONWIDE.
    •INVESTIGATES AND ARREST SMUGGLERS AND THOSE SUSPECTED
    VIOLATORS OF CUSTOM LAWS.
    •UNDER THE SUPERVISION AND CONTROL OF DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE.
A) BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION
B) BSP-Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
C) BOC-Bureau of Customs
  • 69. •AGENCY REGULATES BANKING INDUSTRY AND ENFORCES BANKING LAWS.
    •INVESTIGATES,ARREST AND PROSECUTES COUNTERFEIT CURRENCY
    MANUFACTURERS AND PASSERS.
A) BSP-Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
B) BFAD-Bureau of Food and Drugs
C) BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION
  • 70. •ATTACHED AGENCY UNDER THE DOJ
    •TASKED TO ENFORCE THE IMMIGRATION LAWS OF THE COUNTRY
    •INVESTIGATES AND ARREST ILLEGAL AD UNDOCUMTED ALIENS,FOREIGN
    FUGITIVES AND CRIMINALS OPERATING IN THE COUNTRY.
A) BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION
B) BSP-Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
C) IPO-intellectual property office
  • 71. •ENFORCES AND REGULATES MANUFACTURE OF FOOD AND DRUGS
    •INVESTIGATES AND ARREST UNSCRUPULOUS MANUFACTURERS AND
    MAKERS OF SUBSTANDARD FOOD AND DRUGS WITHOUT LICENSE OR
    PERMITS
    •UNDER DOH
A) LTO-Land Transportation Office
B) BFAD-Bureau of Food and Drugs
C) IPO-intellectual property office
  • 72. •INTER-AGENCY ATTACHED UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND
    INDUSTRY
    •ENFORCES LAWS PERTAINING TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND COPYRIGHT
    LAWS
A) BFAD-Bureau of Food and Drugs
B) IPO-intellectual property office
C) LTO-Land Transportation Office
  • 73. •TASKED TO REGULATE LAND TRANSFORTATION INDUSTRY AND ENFORCES
    TRANSPORTATION LAWS AND REGULATIONS.
    •INVESTIGATES,ARREST AND PROSECUTE"COLORUM”OR OUT OF THE LINE
    VEHICLES.
A) IPO-intellectual property office
B) MTRCB-Movie and Television Review and Classification Board
C) LTO-Land Transportation Office
  • 74. •OPERATES AGAINST PORNOGRAPHIC FILMS SHOWN ON TELEVISION AND
    MOVIE HOUSES
A) OMB-Optical Media Board
B) BFAD-Bureau of Food and Drugs
C) MTRCB-Movie and Television Review and Classification Board
  • 75. FORMERLY KNOWN AS VIDEOGRAM REGULATORY BOARD
    •OPERATES AGAINST THE PROLIFERATION OF FAKE AND PIRATED
    VHS,DVD,VCD,OR CD TAPES.
A) OMB-Optical Media Board
B) BSP-Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
C) MTRCB-Movie and Television Review and Classification Board
  • 76. •SECTION 6. TIME OF MAKING ARREST.-AN ARREST MAY BE MADE ON ANY DAY
    AND AT ANY TIME OF THE DAY OR NIGHT. METHOD OR ARREST BY OF BY
    VIRTUE OF WARRANT
    •SECTION 7. METHOD OF ARREST BY OFFICER BY VIRTUE OF WARRANT -WHEN
    MAKING AN ARREST BY VIRTUE OF A WARRANT, THE OFFICER SHALL INFORM
    THE PERSON TO BE AR ESTED OF THE CAUSE OF THE ARREST AND OF THE
    FACT THAT A WARRANT HAS BEEN ISSUED FOR HIS ARREST, EXCEPT WHEN
    HE PLEA S OR FORCIBLY RESISTS BEFORE THE OFFICER HAS OPPORTUNITY
    TO SO INFORM HIM OR WHEN THE GIVING OF SUCH INFORMATION WILL
    IMPERIL THE AR EST THE OFFICER NE D NOT HAVE THE WAR ANT IN HIS POS
    ES ION AFTER THE ARREST IF THE PERSON ARRESTED SO REQUIRES THE
    WARRANT SHAL BE SHOWN TO HIM AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
A) MIRANDA V. ARIZONA
B) MIRANDA WARNING/RIGHTS
C) TIME FOR MAKING AN ARREST
  • 77. ALL POLICE PERSONNEL MUST CARRY AND USE MIRANDA WARNING CARDS IN
    INFORMING PERSONS ARRESTED, DETAINED OR UNDER INVESTIGATION
    ABOUT THEIR RIGHTS UNDER THE LAW
A) MIRANDA WARNING/RIGHTS
B) TIME FOR MAKING AN ARREST
C) MIRANDA V. ARIZONA
  • 78. POLICE AR ESTED ERNESTO MIRANDA FOR STEALING $8.0 FROM AN ARIZONA
    BANK WORKER.AFTER TWO HOURS OF QUESTIONING, MIRANDA CONFES ED
    NOT ONLY TO THE ROB ERY BUT ALSO TO KIDNAP ING AND RAPE.THE
    PROSECUTION USED HIS CONFES ION AS EVIDENCE AT HIS TRIAL, AND
    MIRANDA WAS CONVICTED HIS APPEAL OF THE CONVICTION WENT AL THE
    WAY TO THE U.S SEPREME COURT. THE SUPREME COURT FOUND THAT
    MIRANDA'S CONFES ION SHOULD NOT HAVE BE N USED AS EVIDENCE
    BECAUSE THE POLICE HAD NOT INFORMED HIM OF HIS RIGHTS TO REMAIN
    SILENT AND HAVE AN ATTORNEY PRESENT DURING INTEROGATION.
A) MIRANDA V. ARIZONA
B) TIME FOR MAKING AN ARREST
C) MIRANDA WARNING/RIGHTS
  • 79. AUTHORITY TO SUMMON ASSISTANCE
A) Section 10
B) Section 11
C) Section 12
  • 80. RIGHT OF OFFICER TO BREAK INTO BUILDING OR ENCLOSURE
A) Section 12
B) Section 10
C) Section 11
  • 81. RIGHT TO BREAK OUT FROM BUILDING OR ENCLOSURE
A) Section 10
B) Section 12
C) Section 11
  • 82. ARESST WITHOUT WARRANT;WHEN LAWFUL -A PEACE OFFICER OR
    A PRIVATE PERSON MAY, WITHOUT A WARRANT,ARREST A PERSON:
A) Section 5
B) Section 8
C) Section 6
  • 83. WHEN, IN HIS PRESENCE,THE PERSON TO BE AR ESTED HAS COM IT ED IS
    ACTUALLY COM ITTING OR IS ATTEMPTING TO COMMIT AN OFFENSE.
A) HOT PURSUIT ARREST
B) PRISONER'S ARREST
C) IN FLAGRANTE DELICTO
  • 84. WHEN AN OF ENSE HAS JUST BE N COM IT ED AND HE HAS PROBABLE CAUSE
    TO BELIEVE BASE ON PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE OF FACTS OR CIRCUMSTANCES
    THAT THE PERSON TO BE ARRESTED HAS COMMITTED IT.
A) IN FLAGRANTE DELICTO
B) HOT PURSUIT ARREST
C) PRISONER'S ARREST
  • 85. That the offender is a public officer or employee
A) IN FLAGRANTE DELICTO
B) ARBITRARY DETENTION
C) .DELAY IN THE DELIVERY OF DETAINED PERSON TO PROPER JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES
  • 86. That he detaine a person
A) ARBITRARY DETENTION
B) .ARBITARITY DETENTIONAL
C) IN FLAGRANTE DELICTO
  • 87. That the detention is without legal grounds
A) ARBITRARY DETENTION
B) IN FLAGRANTE DELICTO
C) .DELAY IN THE DELIVERY OF DETAINED PERSON TO PROPER JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES
  • 88. for crimes or offenses punishable by light penalties;
A) 12 hrs
B) 18 hrs
C) 36 hrs
  • 89. for crimes or offenses punishable by correctional penalties; and
A) 18 hrs
B) 36 hrs
C) 12 hrs
  • 90. for crimes or offenses punishable by afflicted or capital penalties, or their equivalent
A) 18 hrs
B) 36 hrs
C) 12 hrs
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