• 1. What is the capital city of Turkmenistan?
A) Astana
B) Ashgabat
C) Dushanbe
D) Tashkent
  • 2. Which sea borders Turkmenistan to the west?
A) Mediterranean Sea
B) Arabian Sea
C) Black Sea
D) Caspian Sea
  • 3. In which continent is Turkmenistan located?
A) Australia
B) Europe
C) Africa
D) Asia
  • 4. Which former Soviet leader was born in Turkmenistan?
A) Mikhail Gorbachev
B) Boris Yeltsin
C) Vladimir Putin
D) Saparmurat Niyazov
  • 5. Which river forms part of Turkmenistan's northern border with Uzbekistan?
A) Nile
B) Mekong
C) Amu Darya
D) Amazon
  • 6. Turkmenistan is bordered by which country to the south?
A) Kazakhstan
B) Iran
C) Uzbekistan
D) Afghanistan
  • 7. What is the name of Turkmenistan's highest peak located in the Köýtendag Range?
A) Mount Everest
B) Ayrybaba
C) Elbrus
D) K2
  • 8. Which famous ancient city in Turkmenistan was an important stop along the Silk Road trading route?
A) Carthage
B) Merv
C) Petra
D) Ephesus
  • 9. Which former Soviet republic shares a border directly north of Turkmenistan?
A) Kazakhstan
B) Mongolia
C) Georgia
D) Ukraine
  • 10. What important event took place in Turkmenistan in 1991, marking the country's independence from the Soviet Union?
A) Olympic Games
B) Declaration of Independence
C) Coronation of the Emperor
D) World Expo
  • 11. What is the traditional Turkmen headwear that resembles a tall sheepskin hat with ear flaps called?
A) Cowboy hat
B) Telpek
C) Beret
D) Baseball cap
  • 12. Turkmenistan gained independence from which country in 1991?
A) Iran
B) Turkey
C) Soviet Union
D) China
  • 13. Which desert covers a large portion of Turkmenistan?
A) Karakum Desert
B) Atacama Desert
C) Gobi Desert
D) Sahara Desert
  • 14. What is the national symbol of Turkmenistan?
A) Panda
B) Akhal-Teke horse
C) Kangaroo
D) Golden Eagle
  • 15. Which mountain range lies to the south of Turkmenistan?
A) Caucasus Mountains
B) Kopet Dag
C) Hindu Kush
D) Ural Mountains
  • 16. What is the traditional Turkmen instrument with two strings?
A) Dutar
B) Balalaika
C) Baglama
D) Sitar
  • 17. Which Turkmen dish is made of minced lamb and onions wrapped in thin dough and steamed?
A) Samsa
B) Beshbarmak
C) Plov
D) Manti
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