Cell Functions - Multiple Choice
  • 1. Holds the genetic information (DNA) for the cell. It controls all cell activities.
A) nucleus
B) lysosome
C) ribosome
D) mitochondria
  • 2. Food producer for the plant cell. It converts the energy of the sun into sugar.
A) chloroplast
B) cell membrane
C) nucleus
D) cytoplasm
  • 3. Acts as the digestive system inside a cell. It helps to break down old or unneeded parts of the cell, and substances that have been brought into the cell from the outside.
A) lysosome
B) mitochondria
C) endoplasmic reticulum
D) ribosome
  • 4. Monitors and controls entry into and out of the cell.
A) cell membrane
B) chloroplast
C) ribosome
D) vacuole
  • 5. Creates proteins. It can float within the cytoplasm or be attached to an organelle.
A) ribosome
B) nucleus
C) cytoplasm
D) mitochondria
  • 6. Checks, makes necessary changes, packages and secretes proteins.
A) Golgi Bodies / Golgi Apparatus
B) endoplasmic reticulum
C) mitochondria
D) cell wall
  • 7. Jelly-like fluid that fills the cells and suspends the organelles.
A) nucleus
B) chloroplast
C) cytoplasm
D) lysosome
  • 8. Thick, rigid layer that surrounds the plant cell and provides support and structure.
A) nucleus
B) cell wall
C) chloroplast
D) mitochondria
  • 9. Helps transport proteins.
A) vacuole
B) endoplasmic reticulum
C) cell wall
D) lysosome
  • 10. In plant cells, a large, fluid-filled space inside the cell that helps the cell maintain its shape and may also be used to store nutrients and waste products. In animal cells, small fluid spaces inside the cell that are used to store nutrients and waste products.
A) cell wall
B) vacuole
C) chloroplast
D) ribosome
  • 11. Produces energy to fuel the cell’s activities.
A) mitochondria
B) cell wall
C) cytoplasm
D) Golgi Bodies / Golgi Apparatus
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