Unit 1 Test Nature of Science 2012
  • 1. The process of asking questions about the world around you and searching for the answers is:
A) mathematics
B) science
C) tower building
D) inferences
  • 2. Two characteristics of the Eiffel Tower that make it a tower are:
A) made of metal and is stable
B) has forces acting upon it and does not move
C) took a long to time to build and is well-known
D) man-made and taller than it is wide
  • 3. This Inner planet is often called the “Red Planet” because its soil contains lots of iron and it is farthest from the sun.
A) Venus
B) Earth
C) Mars
D) Mercury
  • 4. This planet is often called the “Evening Star” because it is the first thing you see in the night sky. It is not a star but is the planet closest to Earth.
A) Venus
B) Mars
C) Mercury
D) the sun
  • 5. Once an experiment is completed, a scientist must:
A) make an observation
B) ask a question
C) test an inference
D) analyze and reference data
  • 6. Galileo’s Law of Falling Bodies explains:
A) How raindrops fall from the clouds during a storm
B) Why 2 fish of different weights will fall to the earth at the same rate if dropped by a pelican
C) Why wind makes things fall at a slower rate
D) How the planets orbit the sun in the galaxy
  • 7. Agnes Pockels discovered:
A) The properties of water
B) Soap
C) A quasicrystal
D) Surface tension
  • 8. The smallest part of all living things is a(n):
A) Molecule
B) Atom
C) Cell
D) Water droplet
  • 9. Melted rock found inside a volcano is:
A) Ash
B) Lava
C) Magma
D) Mineral
  • 10. According to Nim’s dad, this is in every choice you make each and everyday:
A) Respect
B) Knowledge
C) Courage
D) Discovery
  • 11. Which of the following is NOT true of a surfactant:
A) Soap and shampoo are examples
B) It is the reason water overflowed the cup when too many paper clips were added
C) It makes water stink.
D) It breaks surface tension to help clean
  • 12. Ptolemy was one of the first scientists who tried to make sense of their observations of the planets and the Earth’s moon. He was a(n):
A) Biologist
B) Geologist
C) Chemist
D) Astronomer
  • 13. Ernest Rutherford’s experiments with the element gold led to the model of an atom with a positive nucleus in the center. He was a(n):
A) Geologist
B) Astronomer
C) Biologist
D) Chemist
  • 14. Alfred Wegener proposed that all of the Earth’s continents had once been joined as a single giant continent called Pangaea. He was a(n):
A) Meteorologist
B) Geologist
C) Cell Biologist
D) Astronomer
  • 15. Gregor Mendel study how living things pass on inherited traits using pea plants. He was a(n):
A) Geologist
B) Biologist
C) Meteorologist
D) Chemist
  • 16. Robert Hooke used a simple microscope and viewed and named the first plant cells. He was a(n):
A) Meteorologist
B) Astronomer
C) Cell Biologist
D) Chemist
  • 17. Francis Galton introduced the use of charts showing areas of similar air pressure - the modern weather map. He was a(n):
A) Meteorologist
B) Chemist
C) Biologist
D) Geologist
  • 18. When you looked at a small part of a covered picture (in the Pinpoints of the Universe activity) and proposed an explanation for your observation, you made a:
A) hypothesis
B) data table
C) conclusion
D) diagram
  • 19. A property that you observed in the Up and Down Lab was:
A) cohesion
B) density
C) flammability
D) surface tension
  • 20. Water has surface tension because:
A) there are a lot of minerals in water.
B) water is clear.
C) there is more hydrogen than oxygen.
D) the hydrogen side has a positive (+) charge and the oxygen side has a negative (-) charge.
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