Mitosis and Cell Cycle
  • 1. The simple meaning of synthesis is "___"
A) to die
B) to hide
C) to make
D) to divide
  • 2. The sugar in DNA is ___
A) deribose
B) deoxyribose
C) ribose
D) deoxine
  • 3. The sugar in RNA is __
A) ribose
B) deoxine
C) deribose
D) deoxyribose
  • 4. Cyto- means ____
C) cell
D) cut
  • 5. The letters for the 4 bases of DNA are_____
  • 6. The building blocks or monomers of DNA and RNA are called ___
A) nucleotides
B) amino acids
C) base pairs
D) helixes
  • 7. The building blocks of proteins are __
A) nucleotides
B) fats
C) sugars
D) amino acids
  • 8. What is this a picture of?
B) an animal cell
D) a plant cell
  • 9. What is this a picture of?
A) RNA stran
B) a DNA helix
C) a cell
D) a nucleotide
  • 10. What is letter A?
A) A DNA base
B) A phosphate in DNA
C) protein
D) A sugar in DNA
  • 11. What is letter C?
A) a lipid
B) A DNA base
C) a phosphate in DNA
D) a sugar in DNA
  • 12. What is letter B?
A) a DNA base
B) a DNA sugar
C) a phosphate in DNA
D) a carbohydrate
  • 13. This image is sometimes called a ___
A) single strand
B) phase of mitosis
C) double helix
D) cell cycle
  • 14. How might you know that this is DNA?
A) it has 1 strand
B) it has 2 strands
C) it is colorful
D) it contains nitrogen
  • 15. What does this diagram represent?
A) Mitosis
B) Cell Cycle
C) photosynthesis
D) lipids
  • 16. What does G1 stand for?
A) cell growth
B) gray area
C) gestation
D) good cell
  • 17. What does S stand for?
A) DNA synthesis
B) strong cell
C) slow process
D) cytoplasm
  • 18. What does G2 stand for?
A) first growth phase
B) good cell
C) all of these
D) growth to prepare for mitosis
  • 19. What does M stand for?
A) mild growth
B) milk
C) muscle
D) mitosis
  • 20. Cell division occurs in mitosis.
A) True
B) False
  • 21. Cell division during DNA synthesis.
A) False
B) True
  • 22. Why does the cell cycle have "checkpoints"?
A) to produce more mitochondria
B) none of these
C) to give the cell a chance to divide
D) To help prevent cancer and "bad" mutations
  • 23. What is NOT happening during Interphase?
A) cell division (mitosis)
B) DNA replication
C) growth
D) rest
  • 24. When 2 daughter cells are produced, they are ____ to the original parent cell.
A) completely different from each other
B) not identical genetically
C) identical genetically
  • 25. Chromosomes are actually ___
A) coiled up cytoplasm
B) carbohydrates
C) lipids
D) coiled up DNA
  • 26. In order, what are the phases of mitosis?
A) telophase-prophase-metaphase-anaphase
B) metaphase-prophase-teophase-anaphase
C) none-of these
D) prophase-metaphase-anaphase-telophase
  • 27. The phase of mitosis when the chromosomes line up in the "middle".
A) metaphase
B) metaphase
C) prophase
D) anaphase
  • 28. The phase of mitosis when the chromosomes are pulled "away" from each other
A) prophase
B) anaphase
C) telophase
D) metaphase
  • 29. The phase of mitosis when the nucleus starts to disappear and chromosomes condense
A) anaphase
B) metaphase
C) telophase
D) prophase
  • 30. What phase of mitosis does this show?
A) all of these
B) metaphase
C) anaphase
D) telophase
  • 31. What process is happening in this picture?
A) cytokinesis
B) carbohydrate synthesis
C) DNA synthesis
D) RNA replication
  • 32. What will be result after this process?
A) 2 identical daughter cells are produced
B) 2 completely different cells are produced
C) One full grown new cell is produced
D) all of these
  • 33. When is DNA replication?
A) during G0
B) during prophase
C) all of these
D) during Interphase
  • 34. Which stage of the Cell Cycle is the longest?
A) mitosis
B) prophase
C) Interphase
D) cytokinesis
  • 35. Cytokinesis means that the cell ____
A) splits into 2
B) becomes cancer
C) mutates
D) disappears
  • 36. Cytokinesis occurs after what phase of mitosis?
A) telophase
B) metaphase
C) none of these
D) anaphase
  • 37. What type of cell is this?
A) bacteria cell
B) animal cell
C) cancer cell
D) plant cell
  • 38. What type of cell is this?
A) animal cell
B) plant cell
C) cancer cell
D) bacteria cell
  • 39. the process by which new body cells are formed for growth or repair
A) cancer
B) DNA replication
C) mitosis
D) meiosis
  • 40. Prokaryotes are always ____ cells.
A) animal
B) bacteria
C) all of these
D) plant
  • 41. Eukaryotes are always ___cells
A) only animal
B) plant or animal
C) only plant
D) bacteria
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