Mesopotamia - Ch 3 Test - (Mitchell)
  • 1. Which is a river of Mesopotamia?
A) Missouri River
B) Amazon River
C) Euphrates River
D) Nile River
  • 2. King ____________ was known for his laws of the land
A) Mesopotamia
B) Hammurabi
C) Ur
D) Babylon
  • 3. What Does Mesopotamia mean?
A) “Land of a 1000 lakes”
B) “Land of Hammurabi”
C) “Land between 2 rivers”
D) “Land of the first civilization”
  • 4. This term is known as the world’s first writing?
A) stylus
B) English
C) Cuneiform
D) Babylon
  • 5. A civilization is a __________________.
A) Ruler
B) People and how they speak
C) River in Mesopotamia
D) Centralized society with a government, religion, and forms of learning
  • 6. In what area is ancient Mesopotamia found in?
A) Australia
B) Fertile River
C) Fertile Crescent
D) South America
  • 7. What is the name of the Ancient Mesopotamian temple?
A) Pyramid
B) Synagogue
C) Church
D) Ziggurat
  • 8. Polytheism is the belief in many Gods, ______________ is the belief in 1 God.
A) Monotheism
B) Jew
C) Islam
D) Polytheism
  • 9. Ancient Mesopotamia is found in what present day country?
A) Antarctica
B) Egypt
C) Iraq
D) Saudi Arabia
  • 10. A government is a ________________.
A) System of irrigation, invented the Mesopotamians
B) Form of religion
C) System that groups use to make laws and decisions
D) Skill or knowledge to make products to meet our needs
  • 11. Mesopotamia is a great river valley formed by__________________.
A) The Tigris and Euphrates
B) The Nile
C) The Red Sea
D) The Orontes
  • 12. Writing grew out of the need to....
A) To keep records
B) To tell stories
C) To keep cows
D) To make public signs
  • 13. Mesopotamia is found in this continent?
A) Africa
B) France
C) South America
D) Asia
  • 14. Sumer was the first civilization. (Worth 2 pts)
A) False
B) True
  • 15. Mesopotamia is often referred to as?
A) Cradle of Islam
B) Cradle of Laws
C) Cradle of Civilization
D) Cradle of land
  • 16. List the Civilizations (8) that evolved in the Fertile Crescent. Remember the sentence we discussed to help you remember the Civilizations. Do your best with spelling.
  • 17. This is a Sumerian cylinder seal. How were cylinder seals used in Mesopotamia?
A) The cylinders were used to standardize weights of trade items.
B) The cylinders were used as jars or cups for the wealthy.
C) The cylinders were rolled over clay to leave an imprint.
D) The cylinders were displayed in palaces and temples.
  • 18. What is the significance of Hammurabi’s Code?
A) It was the first written constitution granting rights to all citizens.
B) It is the first written body of laws used to organize society.
C) It is the decree that kings use to show their authority.
D) It is the basis for England’s Magna Carta and the U.S. Constitution.
  • 19. When the rivers flooded in the spring, it was due to the
A) snow that melted in the mountains where the rivers begin
B) ice that had formed on the river broke into bits
C) strong winds that blew from the Persian Gulf
D) heavy rain falling throughout the area
  • 20. 7. How did the sail impact the Mesopotamians?
A) They were able to build a powerful navy.
B) They were able to remain isolated from other cultures.
C) They were able to trade over long distances.
D) They were able to grow more crops.
  • 21. What two rivers run through Mesopotamia?
A) Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
B) Tigris and Sumer Rivers
C) Nile and Tigris Rivers
D) Zagro and Euphrates Rivers
  • 22. The earliest cities developed by what year?
A) 3500 AD
B) 3500 B.C.E
C) 1904 AD
D) 10,000 B.C.E
  • 23. What is irrigation?
A) A paleolithic tool
B) The climate that the Sumerians needed to adjust to
C) A means to control water supply to the land
D) A new method of fighting
  • 24. A self-governing city that has its own ruler and laws is known as a
A) State-City
B) Culture
C) City-State
D) Empire
  • 25. A person hired to keep track of the items people trades is known as a
A) priest
B) king
C) scribe
D) slave
  • 26. This tells a story of a hero. Gilgamesh is an example of a hero in this type of story.
A) epic
B) fairy tale
C) tall tale
D) mystery
  • 27. Who established a code of 282 laws?
A) Sargon
B) poppy
C) Nebuchadnezzar
D) Hammurabi
  • 28. Who is responsible for creating one of the seven wonders of the world?
A) Sargon
B) Hammurabi
C) Nebuchadnezzar
D) Gilgamesh
  • 29. Who was the most famous Chaldean King?
A) Gilgamesh
B) Hammurabi
C) Sargon
D) Nebuchadnezzar
  • 30. Who is responsible for the achievement of the alphabet?
A) Sumerians
B) Phoenicians
C) Chaldeans
D) Babylonians
  • 31. The Phoenicians are responsible for all of the following as trade exports EXCEPT
A) cedar wood
B) chariots
C) purple dye
D) glass objects
  • 32. Which civilization was the fiercest of warriors who imposed cruelty even before they went in to battle?
A) Assyrians
B) Chaldeans
C) Babylonians
D) Sumerians
  • 33. One of the most important inventions by the Sumerians was the
A) a code of laws
B) wheel
C) alphabet
D) purple dye
  • 34. Which of the following is not a Sumerian god/goddess
A) Enlil
B) Utu
C) Inanna
D) Zeus
  • 35. In the order of social hierarchy, which person is considered the second most important?
A) King
B) farmers
C) priest
D) traders
E) craftsmen
  • 36. The first gold coins were used by the
A) Babylonians
B) Lydians
C) Chaldeans
D) Sumerians
  • 37. The Fertile Crescent got its name because
A) it's a land of rich soil that's ideal for agriculture
B) it's in an arid valley in the Middle East
C) the people who lived there had lots of children
D) it was one of the earliest civilizations
  • 38. Hammurabi's Code is a famous system of laws because it
A) led directly to the development of democracy
B) is thought to be one of the earliest written sets of laws
C) had such lenient punishments, which allowed for personal freedom
D) was considered unfair, causing people to rebel in the world's firs insurrection
  • 39. He was among the first leaders to have a permanent army
A) Gilgamesh
B) Utu
C) Hammurabi
D) Sargon
  • 40. What purpose did the wall around a city serve?
A) to protect the people of the city-state from attack
B) to keep people from moving to another city-state
C) to protect the people of the city-state from floods
D) to collect water that could be used to irrigate farmland
  • 41. A synonym for gods/goddesses is
A) rulers
B) disciples
C) deities
D) polytheism
  • 42. Who served as a role between the Sumerians and the gods?
A) kings
B) war chiefs
C) farmers
D) priests
  • 43. What was most likely the reason that ziggurats were tall?
A) to mark the center of the city
B) so they could easily be found
C) to honor the gods
D) so architects could display their work
  • 44. What technology did the Hittites and Assyrians use in battle?
A) fire and chariots
B) bows and arrows
C) battleships and iron weapons
D) iron weapons and chariots
  • 45. Which people grew more powerful due to trade rather than from winning battles?
A) Chaldeans
B) Phoenicians
C) Kassites
D) Hittites
  • 46. The first group to rule after Hammurabi (Babylonians) was
A) the Hittites
B) the Kassites
C) the Assyrians
D) the Phoenicians
  • 47. The Assyrian capital was named
A) Sumer
B) Nineveh
C) Babylon
D) Ur
  • 48. Sumerians developed one of the first known civilizations in Mesopotamia. A Civilization has
A) all of the these
B) a division of labor
C) people who produce more food than they need to survive
D) people who live in towns or cities with some from of government
E) people living in an organized society
  • 49. What job would study the natural features of the earth such as water, land, and climate?
A) Historians
B) Anthropologists
C) Geographers
D) Archaeologists
  • 50. Why was the Fertile Crescent the site of many early civilizations?
A) The hills were rich with gold
B) The caves provided shelter for the people
C) The soil was good for crops
D) The forest was full of animals
  • 51. Trade brings new resources to an area; what is an additional POSITIVE effect of civilization?
A) Populations decrease
B) New ideas are spread and culture grows
C) Old products are not used anymore
D) Wars are fought over new land
  • 52. Why did writing start?
A) To tell stories
B) To communicate with new people from different areas
C) To record information
D) To teach people to farm
  • 53. Many early civilizations believed in many gods. What is this called?
A) Theology
B) Monotheism
C) Deitism
D) Polytheism
  • 54. How did rivers contribute to the survival of the early civilizations?
A) Provided a supply of water and rich soil for growing food
B) Formed barriers around civilizations
C) Provided a power source
D) Provided a route to get to other civilizations
  • 55. Irrigation is still used today.
A) True
B) False
  • 56. Mesopotamians used the plow to make their farmland more productive. Which of the following was necessary for the use of the plow?
A) the establishment of cities
B) the invention of writing
C) the domestication of oxen
D) the creation of government
  • 57. Which letter on the map labels the location of Mesopotamia and the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?
A) Y
B) Z
C) X
D) W
  • 58. Religion was very important in Mesopotamian civilization. Temples were among the largest buildings in cities, and priests had a great amount of authority. Which answer best describes the reason for this?
A) The Mesopotamians believed that their religious leaders were the hardest workers.
B) The Mesopotamians believed the gods had control over harvests and disasters.
C) The Mesopotamians believed that religion and government should be separate.
D) The Mesopotamians believed that all Mesopotamians could speak with the gods.
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