PS Exam Review Fall 15-16 Chapter 8,10
  • 1. In order for a solution to form,
A) the solvent must be water.
B) one substance must dissolve in another.
C) a gas must dissolve in a liquid.
D) a solid must dissolve in a liquid
  • 2. During the formation of a solution, energy is
A) absorbed only.
B) either released or absorbed.
C) released only.
D) neither released nor absorbed.
  • 3. In an exothermic reaction, the amount of energy required to break the attractions among the solute particles and among the solvent particles is
A) equal to the energy released as attractions form between solute and solvent particles.
B) equal to the heat of solution.
C) greater than the energy released as attractions form between solute and solvent particles.
D) less than the energy released as attractions form between solute and solvent particles.
  • 4. A student dissolved equal amounts of salt in equal amounts of warm water, room-temperature water, and ice water. Which of the following is true?
A) The salt dissolved most quickly in the warm water
B) The salt dissolved most quickly in the ice water.
C) The salt dissolved most quickly in the room-temperature water.
D) None of the above
  • 5. A student dissolved equal amounts of salt in equal amounts of warm water, room-temperature water, and ice water. Which of the following is true?
A) The salt dissolved most quickly in the warm water.
B) None of the above
C) The salt dissolved most quickly in the room-temperature water.
D) The salt dissolved most quickly in the ice water.
  • 6. A solution that contains more solute than it would normally hold at that temperature is said to be
A) concentrated.
B) unsaturated.
C) saturated.
D) supersaturated.
  • 7. Which of the following is NOT a property of an acid
A) usually reacts with a metal
B) tastes sour
C) changes the color of an indicator
D) feels slippery
  • 8. A girl tasted each of the following foods. Which of the following would NOT taste acidic to her?
A) celery
B) lime
C) tomato
D) orange
  • 9. A base is defined as a compound that produces
A) hydroxide ions in solution.
B) hydrogen ions in solution.
C) hydronium ions in solution.
D) sodium ions in solution.
  • 10. Which of the following is NOT a common property of bases?
A) changes colors of indicators
B) tastes bitter
C) feels slippery
D) reacts with metals
  • 11. The products of the neutralization reaction between hydrochloric acid and magnesium hydroxide are
A) HCl and MgOH
B) HCl and Mg(OH)2
C) MgCl2 and H2O
D) MgCl and H2O
  • 12. An acid can be defined as
A) a proton donor.
B) a proton acceptor.
C) both a proton donor and a proton acceptor.
D) neither a proton donor nor a proton acceptor.
  • 13. A compound has a pH of 6 in solution, where very little of it has ionized. The compound is a
A) weak base.
B) strong acid.
C) strong base.
D) weak acid.
  • 14. A substance that ionizes or dissociates into ions when placed in water is always a(an)
A) strong acid.
B) strong base.
C) electrolyte
D) conductor.
  • 15. Which of the following are examples of strong electrolytes?
A) strong and weak bases
B) weak acids and weak bases
C) pure water and buffers
D) strong acids and strong bases
  • 16. What is the process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged particles or energy or both?
A) oxidation
B) none of these
C) decomposition
D) radioactivity
  • 17. Uranium-238 undergoes alpha decay. Therefore, uranium-238 will
A) emit neutral particles and no energy
B) none of these
C) change into a different element altogether
D) remain stable
  • 18. What type of nuclear decay releases energy but not a particle?
A) electron decay
B) gamma decay
C) beta decay
D) alpha decay
  • 19. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) you are exposed to nuclear radiation every day
B) all natural radiation is at a level low enough to be safe
C) naturally occuting nuclear radiation is called background radiation
D) most of the nuclear radiation you are exposed to occurs naturally in the environment
  • 20. Alpha-emitting substances, such as radon gas, can be a serius health hazard only if
A) exposure to them is external
B) their radiation strikes the skin
C) none of these
D) they are inhaled or eaten
  • 21. In general, the nucleus of a small atom is stable. Therefore, over very short distances,such as those in a small nucleus,
A) the strong nuclear force is much greater than the electric force.
B) the strong nuclear force equals the electric force.
C) the strong nuclear force and the electric force are both attractive.
D) the electric force is much greater thatn the strong nuclear force.
  • 22. The strong nuclear force felt by a single proton in a large nucleus
A) is about the same as the elctric force felt by a single proton proton in a small nucleus
B) is much greater than that felt by a single protom in a small nucleus
C) is about the same as that felf by a single proton in a small nucleus
D) is much less than that flet by a single proton in a small nucleus
  • 23. During nuclear fission, great amounts of energy are produce from
A) particle accelerators
B) tremendous amounts of mass
C) very small amounts of mass
D) a series of chemical reactions
  • 24. Which of the following is an advantage of using nuclear power plants to produce electricity?
A) nuclear power plants produce more stable wastes compared to fossil fuel combustion
B) nuclear power plants produce wastes that are easy to dispose of
C) all of these
D) nuclear power plants do not pollute the air
  • 25. Which of the following is NOT an advantabe of using a fusion reaction instead of a fission reaction to produce energy?
A) Workers are not in as much danger from radiation.
B) No harmful waste products are produced.
C) Fusion reactors require less energy than fission reactors do.
D) Hydrogen is used, and hydrogen is easily obtained from water.
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