Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning

DEDUCTIVE REASONING: TAKING GENERAL CASES AND MAKING SPECIFIC EXAMPLES IF Quadrilaterals have 4 sides THEN a square is a quadrilateral. Specific Info Deductive reasoning General Info DEDUCTIVE REASONING EXAMPLE: My math teacher is skinny My last math teacher was skinny Conclusion by inductive reasoning: All math teachers are skinny Inductive reasoning takes specific examples and makes sweeping general conclusions. Inductive reasoning is used to find the next term in a pattern: By inductive reasoning (using the specific examples to make a general rule to add 10) the next term is... 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, DEDUCTIVE SPECIFIC CASES GENERALITIES INDUCTIVE Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning ( Apply a general rule to specific examples) All even numbers are divisible by 2 28 is even Therefore 28 is divisible by 2 Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning 3,6,9,12,15, The next term is going to be 18 ( Apply a general rule to specific examples) Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning ( My daddy has curly hair My brother has curly hair Therefore everyone I am related to has curly hair Apply a general rule to specific examples) Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Joe ate an apple every day. Dr. Dre stayed away. ( Apply a general rule to specific examples) Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning Jimmy got bitten by a dog . Jimmy is now scared of all dogs. ( Apply a general rule to specific examples) Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning The next term will be 81 ( 1,4,9,16,25,36,49,64 Apply a general rule to specific examples) Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning ( My soda had a roach in it. All soda has roaches. Apply a general rule to specific examples) Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning ( All Speeders will be slapped Apply a general rule to specific examples) Jimmy sped Jimmy got slapped Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning Two episodes of the Big Bang Theory made me laugh and laugh LOLOLOLOL Therefore, The Big Bang Theory is always funny. ( Apply a general rule to specific examples) Jimmy's next will be named Apricot-Mist Mu Mu Mu Mu Jimmy named his kids Apricot-Mist, Aprocot-Mist Mu, Apricot-Mist Mu Mu, and Apricot-Mist Mu Mu Mu Inductive reasoning (use specific examples to make a general rule) Deductive reasoning ( Apply a general rule to specific examples) DEDUCTIVE The End SPECIFIC CASES GENERALITIES INDUCTIVE |

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