AIC SS 2 Biology Exam - 2nd Term 23/24
  • 1. Which of the following is NOT a type of response in irritability?
A) Growth towards light
B) Photosynthesis
C) Withdrawal from touch
D) Movement away from a harmful stimulus
  • 2. Organisms move for various reasons. Which of the following is NOT a reason for movement?
A) To escape predators
B) To find food
C) To perform photosynthesis
D) To reproduce
  • 3. In plants, the direction of growth can be influenced by the movement of fluids within the cell. Which of these fluids is primarily responsible for growth movement?
A) Water
B) Glucose
C) Oxygen
D) Carbon dioxide
  • 4. What organelles in the cell are responsible for the movement of cytoplasm called cyclosis?
A) Cytoskeleton
B) Chloroplasts
C) Mitochondria
D) Nucleus
  • 5. In some organisms, like Paramecium, two individuals exchange genetic material during a process called...
A) Binary fission
B) Conjugation
C) Fertilization
D) Budding
  • 6. During conjugation in Spirogyra, the outgrowth meets and the separating walls dissolve to form a continuous channel called __________ .
A) Fallopian tube
B) Conjugation tube
C) Oviduct
D) Lateral bud
  • 7. Waste products of metabolism can be excreted in various forms. Which of the following is NOT a form of waste excretion?
A) Carbon dioxide
B) Water
C) Urea
D) Oxygen
  • 8. The process of removing waste products of metabolism from the body is called....
A) Irritability
B) Cyclosis
C) Excretion
D) Egestion
  • 9. The framework that supports and protects an organism's body is called the...
A) Hydrostatic
B) Nervous system
C) Muscle
D) Skeleton
  • 10. Skeletons can be made from different materials depending on the organism. Which of the following is NOT a type of skeletal material?
A) Cartilage
B) Muscle
C) Chitin
D) Bone
  • 11. The skull, vertebral column, and ribs are all part of which division of the mammalian skeleton?
A) Appendicular skeleton
B) Exoskeleton
C) Hydrostatic skeleton
D) Axial skeleton
  • 12. The pectoral girdle and pelvic girdle are parts of which division of the mammalian skeleton?
A) Axial skeleton
B) Appendicular
C) Exoskeleton
D) Hydrostatic skeleton
  • 13. The limbs of a mammal are referred to as...
A) Pentadactyl limbs
B) Appendicular
C) Girdles
D) Hinge limb
  • 14. Joints are the points where two or more bones meet. Which of the following is NOT a type of joint?
A) Hinge joint
B) Ball-and-socket joint
C) Muscular joint
D) Fixed joint
  • 15. Cartilage is a type of tissue found in many joints. What is the main function of cartilage in joints?
A) To create soft movement
B) To reduce friction and absorb shock
C) To transmit nerve impulses
D) To store energy and lubricate
  • 16. Plants have specialized tissues that provide them with support and structure. These are called...
A) Meristematic tissues
B) Epidermal tissues
C) Supporting tissues
D) Vascular tissues
  • 17. One type of supporting tissue in plants is called __________. It consists of long, slender cells with thick walls.
A) Parenchyma
B) Xylem
C) Sclerenchyma
D) Phloem
  • 18. Collenchyma is another type of supporting tissue in plants. What is the main function of collenchyma?
A) Provides support to young stems and leaves
B) Protects the plant surface
C) Transports water and minerals
D) Stores food materials
  • 19. Xylem and collenchyma are examples of plant supporting tissues. What is a characteristic feature of xylem?
A) Thin-walled cells
B) Meristematic activity
C) Abundant cytoplasm
D) Presence of lignin for rigidity
  • 20. What is the role of cellulose in plant cell walls?
A) Provides energy
B) Gives strength and rigidity
C) Transports water and minerals
D) Allows gas exchange
  • 21. The movement of water and nutrients within a plant is facilitated by a specialized tissue system called the...
A) Vascular tissue
B) Parenchyma tissue
C) Supporting tissue
D) Epidermal tissue
  • 22. The xylem, a component of the vascular tissue, transports...
A) Sugars
B) Water and minerals
C) Reproductive cells
D) Gases
  • 23. The phloem, another component of the vascular tissue, transports...
A) Gases
B) Reproductive cells
C) Water and minerals
D) Sugars and other organic materials
  • 24. The stem of a plant has several important functions. Which of the following is NOT a function of the stem?
A) Storing food materials
B) Carrying out photosynthesis
C) Transporting water and nutrients
D) Supporting the leaves and flowers
  • 25. Sexual reproduction in plants involves the production of gametes. What is the structure in a flowering plant that produces male gametes (sperm)?
A) Stamen
B) Ovule
C) Pistil
D) Stigma
  • 26. What is the importance of seed dormancy in some plants?
A) Increases the rate of photosynthesis
B) Weakens the seed coat
C) Helps plants survive harsh environmental conditions
D) Allows for rapid germination
  • 27. The arrangement of supporting tissues in plants contributes to their overall strength and flexibility. Where is collenchyma typically found in plants?
A) Near the surface of stems and leaves
B) In the center of the stem
C) Scattered throughout the plant
D) Deep within the roots
  • 28. Parenchyma, although not a true supporting tissue, plays a supportive role in plants. What is a primary function of parenchyma cells?
A) Protect the plant surface
B) Carry out various metabolic functions
C) Transport water and minerals
D) Provide structural support
  • 29. Joints allow for various movements in the body. Which of the following is NOT a function of joints?
A) Coughing
B) Bending
C) Twisting
D) Sliding
  • 30. Which option is NOT a type of reproduction?
A) Fragmentation
B) Internal fertilization
C) Asexual
D) Photosynthesis
  • 31. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) refers to practices that involve:
A) Partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
B) Removal of the appendix in females
C) Hormonal treatment to delay puberty in females.
D) Cosmetic surgery on the female genitals.
  • 32. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies FGM into four types. Which of the following is NOT a type of FGM?
A) Stretching and tearing of the clitoris and labia.
B) Partial or total removal of the clitoris.
C) Partial or total removal of the clitoris and inner labia.
D) Narrowing the vaginal opening by creating a seal.
  • 33. Immediate health complications of FGM can include:
A) Reduced risk of sexually transmitted infections.
B) Reduceed fertility
C) Severe bleeding, pain, and infections.
D) Improved hygiene
  • 34. The consequences of FGM can extend beyond physical health to include:
A) Stronger family bonds.
B) Psychological trauma, depression, and anxiety.
C) Faster economic development
D) Increased social status for women
  • 35. Students like yourself can play a role in ending FGM by:
A) Pressuring others to continue the practice
B) Learning more and raising awareness among friends and family.
C) Staying silent on the issue.
D) Mocking those who speak out against FGM.
  • 36. Which of the following is correct about acrosome?
A) Contains digestive enzymes
B) Causes sperm to swim
C) Contains 23 chromosomes
D) Containing many mitochondria
  • 37. ----------- are extensions of connective tissues which surround the muscles and connect muscles to bones.
A) Cartilage
B) Tendons
C) Capsule
D) Ligaments
  • 38. The type of joint found in the wrist is called --------
A) Gliding or sliding
B) Pivot or rotating
C) Ball and socket
D) Hinge
  • 39. HIV stands for:
A) Human Immunodeficiency Virus
B) Human Infectious Virus
C) Human Influenza Virus
D) Human Intestinal Virus
  • 40. Which of the following is an example of asexual reproduction in plants?
A) Pollination
B) Runner formation in strawberries
C) Conjugation
D) Fertilization
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