March Ancient History
  • 1. How did rivers contribute to the survival of the early civilizations?
A) Provided a power source
B) Provided a route to get to other civilizations
C) Formed barriers around civilizations
D) Provided a supply of water and rich soil for growing food.
  • 2. What geographical features provided fertile land that gave rise to Mesopotamian city-states?
A) Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea
B) Persian Gulf and Arabian Desert
C) Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
D) Zagros Mountains and Caspian Sea
  • 3. What is an important feature that was necessary for early civilizations?
A) Flat areas for building
B) Access to metals such as iron
C) Water Sources
D) Warm climate
  • 4. Which is the most likely reason that hunter-gatherers began farming
A) wars among groups
B) Scarcity, or food was difficult to find
C) a loss of technology
D) a decline in population
  • 5. What job would study the natural features of the earth such as water, landforms and climate?
A) Archeologists
B) Historians
C) Teachers
D) Geographers
  • 6. What river did the Ancient Egyptian civilization build up around?
A) Nile
B) Arabian
C) Tigris
D) Euphrates
  • 7. Paleolithic is a term meaning:
A) Ice Age
B) Old Stone Age
C) Technology Age
D) New Stone Age
  • 8. Neolithic is a term meaning:
A) ice Age
B) Technology Age
C) Old Stone Age
D) New Stone Age
  • 9. Groups of people who move from place to place are called:
A) Astronomers
B) Anthropologists
C) Historians
D) Nomads
  • 10. Mesopotamian farmers developed a system of _________ to control the flow of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
A) Writing
B) Cuneiform
C) Flooding
D) Irrigation
  • 11. Around 2340 B.C.E. Sargon conquered all of Mesopotamia and other areas to create the worlds first:
A) Capital City
B) City-State
C) Farming Village
D) Empire
  • 12. What characteristic best helped hominids to survive?
A) Being able to Write
B) Being able to Talk
C) Being able to practice religion
D) Being Biped
  • 13. Being an upright walker allowed early hominids to:
A) Hunt food and gather plants and berries
B) Practice religion
C) Climb trees
D) Kill other animals
  • 14. Egyptians developed a system of writing called:
A) Papyrus
B) Hieroglyphics
C) Geometry
D) Scribes
  • 15. Egyptian government was ruled by
A) Priests
B) Scribes
C) Pharaohs
D) Kings
  • 16. The Great Pyramid was built by;
A) King Tut
B) Ramses
C) Khufu
D) Ahmose
  • 17. The ____________ lasted from 2000 to 1800 B.C.E. it was marked by the reunification of Egypt and by the Arts flourishing
A) Old Kingdom
B) New Kingdom
C) Middle Kingdom
D) Palace Kingdom
  • 18. The _____________, lasted from 2700 to 2200 B.C.E. This period was marked by the rise of the Pharaos and by the building of Pyramids
A) Old Kingdom
B) Middle Kingdom
C) Nile Kingdom
D) New Kingdom
  • 19. Domestication of animals was important because
A) it helped to fight wars
B) it helped people to meet their agricultural needs and create a stable food supply
C) it helped to bring animals into the city-states
D) it help to expand empires
  • 20. As people begin to farm and create stable food supply they then:
A) decrease in population
B) create fire
C) fight one another
D) build permanent shelters
  • 21. New irrigation techniques are seen in all the early civilizations, what is irrigation?
A) domesticating plants and animals
B) building permanent shelters
C) creating laws for all people
D) controlling and bringing water from one location to another
  • 22. Why was the Fertile Crescent the site of many early civilizations
A) The hills were rich with gold
B) The soil was good for crops
C) The forest was full of animals
D) The caves provided shelter for the people
  • 23. Trade brings new resources to an area, what is an additional positive effect of trade on a civilization?
A) New ideas are spread and culture grows
B) Wars are fought over new land
C) Populations decrease
D) Old products are not used anymore
  • 24. Why did writing start?
A) to teach people to farm
B) to communicate with new people from different areas
C) to tell stories
D) to record infomation
  • 25. Many early civilizations believed in many gods, what is this called?
A) Islam
B) Theology
C) Monotheism
D) Polytheism
  • 26. In early civilizations, what belief about the leader (Kings or Pharaohs) helped him to rule and have supreme power?
A) That he had already started to buil a religious temple
B) That he knew how to write
C) That he was a god or was chosen by god
D) That he was the biggest and strongest person in the city
  • 27. Describe 3 of the 7 parts or characteristics of a civilization. For each characteristic, give a specific example of how it was shown in any of the ancient civilizations.
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