Rise of Sumerians - Chapter 4
  • 1. The name of Mesopotamia comes from its location, which was
A) between two rivers
B) in mountain foothills
C) near a region of many conflicts
D) at the site of the earliest cities
  • 2. The environment of Sumer was
A) high and cold, with sharp mountain peaks
B) low and flat, with little rain
C) hilly and dry, with many stones
D) thickly forested, with heavy storms
  • 3. Why were Sumerian communities called "city-states"?
A) Each of the had its own ruler and farmland
B) They all depended on each other for water
C) They were all part of one great empire
D) Each of them kept written records
  • 4. Which fact allowed people to farm in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains
A) Goats can live on dry grass
B) Shallow canals watered the fields
C) The region had plenty of rain
D) Harsh climates are good for grains
  • 5. What development caused food shortages in the Zagros foothills?
A) overuse of the soil
B) fighting between villages
C) change in the climate
D) increase in population
  • 6. What solution did people in the Zagros foothills find to fix the problem of food shortages?
A) joining villages together
B) constructing reservoirs
C) building terraces
D) moving to the south
  • 7. What is a factor that made farming in Sumer difficult?
A) steep hillsides
B) large mountain ranges
C) lack of rainfall
D) growth of weeds
  • 8. Why did the rivers flood in the spring?
A) Ice that had formed on the river broke into bits
B) Strong winds blew from the Persian Gulf
C) Snow melted in the mountains where the rivers begin
D) Heavy rain fell throughout the area
  • 9. What was the chief purpose of dams and reservoirs?
A) to allow travel by boat
B) to protect the villages from attacks
C) to store water for later use
D) to make it easier to fish
  • 10. If you were in ancient Sumer, you might see a levee beside a river, why was the levee built?
A) to load barges
B) to irrigate the crops
C) to control workers
D) to prevent floods
  • 11. Why was silt a problem for the people of Sumer?
A) It clogged the irrigation canals
B) It crumbled the city walls
C) It ruined the soil for planting
D) It dried up the rivers
  • 12. Why did the villages of Sumer depend on each other?
A) They formed caravans to safely visit the mountains
B) They had to fight off attacks from empires to the east
C) They exchanged different kids of natural resources
D) They cooperated to keep the irrigation system working
  • 13. Using natural resources found in the environment, Sumerians built strong walls with
A) rocks shaped into squares
B) logs with pointed tips
C) bricks made of mud
D) reeds cut near the rivers
  • 14. The people of Sumer constructed moats to
A) bring drinking water into towns
B) get crops to grow better
C) make villagers work together
D) protect cities from attacks
  • 15. What two rivers run through Mesopotamia?
A) Zagro and Euphrates Rivers
B) Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
C) Sumer and Tigris Rivers
D) Nile and Tigris Rivers
  • 16. The earliest cities developed by what year?
A) 10000 B.C.E
B) 3500 B.C.E
C) 1904 AD
D) 3500 AD
  • 17. What is irrigation?
A) A new method of fighting
B) A means to control water supply to the land
C) A Paleolithic tool
D) The climate that the Sumerians needed to adjust to
  • 18. A self governing city that has its own ruler and laws is known as a
A) City-State
B) Empire
C) Culture
D) State-City
  • 19. The low flat plains of Mesopotamia are know as:
A) Tigris River Valley
B) Sumer
C) Persian Gulf
D) Zagros Mountain Range
  • 20. Irrigation is still used today>
A) True
B) False
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