PSY 4 MODULE 1
  • 1. derived from Greek words “Philos” & “Sophia” w/c literally means Love for Wisdom
  • 2.
    Philosophy derived from Greek words “Philos” & “Sophia” w/c literally means ___________
  • 3. Father of Western Philosophy
  • 4. -
    “AN UNEXAMINED LIFE IS NOT WORTH LIVING”
  • 5. -
    He argued that self is dualistic, as it composed of body & soul, where body is characterized as imperfect & impermanent & soul as perfect
  • 6. Socrates
    -
    He argued that self is ________, as it composed of body & soul, where body is characterized as imperfect & impermanent & soul as perfect
  • 7. SOCRATES
    *2 DICHOTOMOUS REALMS
    __________ changeable, transient & imperfect. The body belongs to this realm
  • 8. SOCRATES
    *2 DICHOTOMOUS REALMS
    __________ unchanging, eternal & immortal. The soul belongs to this realm
  • 9. Father of Idealism
  • 10. -
    “THE SOUL IS IMMORTAL”
  • 11. -
    Philosophy of the self can be examined as a process of self-knowledge & purification of the soul
  • 12. -
    He believed in the existence of the mind & soul
  • 13. According to Plato
    -
    SOUL HAS 3 PARTS:
    _____________ – reason & intellect
A) Spirited Soul
B) Rational Soul
C) Appetitive Soul
  • 14. According to Plato
    -
    SOUL HAS 3 PARTS:
    ______________ emotion & passion
A) Appetitive Soul
B) Rational Soul
C) Spirited Soul
  • 15. According to Plato
    -
    SOUL HAS 3 PARTS:
    ______________ – basic needs
A) Spirited Soul
B) Rational Soul
C) Appetitive Soul
  • 16. Father of Political Science
  • 17. -
    “THE SOUL IS THE ESSENCE OF THE SELF”
  • 18. ARISTOTLE
    Father of _________________
  • 19. PLATO
    Father of _________________
  • 20. SOCRATES
    Father of ___________________
  • 21. According to ARISTOTLE:
    -
    SOUL HAS 3 PARTS:
    ___________ – physical body that can grow
A) Rational
B) Vegetative
C) Sentient
  • 22. According to ARISTOTLE:
    -
    SOUL HAS 3 PARTS:
    _____________– sensual desires, feelings & emotions
A) Vegetative
B) Sentient
C) Rational
  • 23. According to ARISTOTLE:
    -
    SOUL HAS 3 PARTS:
    ____________– what makes a human, includes the intellect that makes man know & understand things.
A) Rational
B) Sentient
C) Vegetative
  • 24. Father of Western Christianity
  • 25. ST. AUGUSTINE
    Father of ______________
  • 26. -
    Integrated the idea of Plato & Christianity
    -
    His view of the human person reflects the entire spirit of the medieval world
  • 27. Father of Modern Philosophy
  • 28. RENE DESCARTES
    Father of _____________________
  • 29. -
    The act of thinking about self -of being self-conscious – is in itself proof that there is self
  • 30. "I AM DOUBTING, THEREFORE I AM”
  • 31. “I think therefore, I am”
  • 32. -
    Descartes’ 2 Distinct Entities

    ________ – the thing that thinks, mind.

    Extenza – the extension, body.
  • 33. -
    Descartes’ 2 Distinct Entities

    ____________ – the extension, body.
  • 34. Father of Liberalism
  • 35. JOHN LOCKE
    Father of _________________
  • 36. According to John Locke
    -
    The human mind at birth is __________ which means “blank slate”
  • 37. -
    He felt that the self is constructed primarily from sense experiences
  • 38. The Empiricist & Skeptic
  • 39. -
    “THERE IS NO SELF”
  • 40. -
    Self is simply a bundle or collection of diff. perceptions, w/c succeed each other w/ an inconceivable rapidly & are in a perpetual flux & movement
  • 41. -
    The idea of personal identity is a result of imagination
  • 42. Father of Modern Ethics
  • 43. IMMANUEL KANT
    Father of ________________
  • 44. “WE CONSTRUCT THE SELF”
  • 45. -
    Self is not just what gives one his personality but also the seat of knowledge acquisition for all human persons
    -
    The self constructs its own reality creating a world that is familiar & predictable
    -
    Through our rationality, the self transcends sense experience
  • 46. -
    Self is not an entity one can locate & analyze but simply the convenient name that people use to refer to all behaviors that people make
    -
    “I act therefore I am” = the self is the same as bodily behavior
  • 47. The Analytic Philosopher
  • 48. The Philosopher of Mind & Science
  • 49. -
    “THE SELF IS THE BRAIN”
  • 50. -
    The self is inseparable from the brain & the physiology of the body
    -
    All we have is the brain & so, if the brain is gone, there is no self
    -
    The physical brain & not the imaginary mind, gives us our sense of self
  • 51. Phenomenological Philosopher
  • 52. -
    “THE SELF IS EMBODIED SUBJECTIVITY”
  • 53. -
    The mind-body bifurcation that has been going on for a long time is a futile endeavor & an invalid problem
    -
    All knowledge of ourselves & our world is based on subjective experience
    -
    The self can never be truly objectified or known in a completely objective sort of way
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